INFERTILITY in WOMEN

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Infertility in WOMEN due to T.B.

This disease can be the cause of infertility in women and men, it is very common in India
Mycobacterium tuberculosis, which causes TB

Tuberculosis, a disease known as tuberculosis, or tuberculosis, is considered one of the top 10 causes of death in India worldwide. goes. This deadly disease can spread and infect people in other parts of their bodies, which can lead to the risk of infertility in both women and men.

What are the side effects of TB

Dr. Nitasha Gupta, an IVF expert at Indira IVF Hospital, said of this deadly disease, “Mycobacterium tuberculosis, which causes TB, affects more than 2 million people every year.” The disease mainly affects the lungs, but if it is not treated in time, it spreads to the body through blood and infects them. ”

What organs are affected by tuberculosis
This infection can affect the kidneys, pelvic, ovarian tubes or fallopian tubes, uterus and brain. TB is a serious health problem because when the bacterium reaches the reproductive tract, it becomes genital TB or pelvic TB, which can cause infertility in both women and men.

Uterine infection (TB effect on uterus)

Expert Dr. Nitasha Gupta said, “When the infection of the uterus is caused by TB in women, then the inner lining of the uterus becomes thin, which results in obstruction of the fetus or fetus developing properly. Whereas in men it becomes eduspermic, due to which sperm do not get into the semen and men become ‘edospermic’.

Pregnancy after TB

IVF expert Dr. Nitasha Gupta says that two out of every ten women suffering from TB are unable to conceive, 40.80 percent cases of genital TB are seen in women.

A report on TB was released by the World Health Organization in 2017, according to which in 2016, India was ranked number one in the TB affected list with 27.9 lakh patients and in the same year about 4.23 lakh patients died from TB. According to the report, the highest number of TB cases were reported in 2016 in India, Indonesia, China, Philippines and Pakistan.

What is tuberculosis: Symptoms

On how to identify its symptoms, Dr. Nitasha Gupta said, “It is very difficult to identify some symptoms that are affecting fertility in women due to TB. It shows symptoms like irregular menstrual cycle, pain after sexual relations. But in many cases these symptoms appear after the infection has increased significantly. In men, symptoms such as decreased sperm motility and lack of adequate amount of hormones are produced by the pituitary gland. ”

Is it possible to treat it? (What is tuberculosis treatment)

In response to this, Dr. Nitasha Gupta said, “Yes, now treatment of this problem is possible. After detection of TB, treatment should be started immediately with anti-TB medicines. A course of six to eight months of antibiotics should be completed properly. Finally, in-vitro fertilization or intracytoplasmic sperm injection is also taken for fertility. But after becoming such a mother, there is a new concern that whether their child will be vulnerable to infection due to breastfeeding. Such mothers should apply masks on their faces when they breastfeed their babies. ”

The World Health Organization report states that in 2014, 1.5 million people died of the disease worldwide. This disease also comes with HIV among the fatal diseases in the world. According to the World Health Organization’s Global Toxic Report 2015, 96 million cases of TB were reported in 2014, of which 58 percent were from South-East Asia and the Western Pacific.

TB Prevention

According to the doctors, “To avoid getting infected by TB, stay away from crowded places, where you can come in contact with infected people regularly. Take care of your health and get your physical examinations done regularly. If possible, get vaccinated to avoid this condition. ”

India has an ambitious plan to become TB-free by 2025, but India’s condition is worrying in this report. At present, 211 cases of TB are reported in India per 100,000. (Input IANS) – NDTV

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